Fox Nut Farming (Makhana ki Kheti) : Makhana (Fox Nut) is an aquatic plant of the Nymphaeaceae family, also known as Fox-nut or Lotus seed. Ural comes from a plant called ferox that grows in the stagnant waters of lakes or ponds in East Asia. The plant of Makhana i.e. Fox Nut is thorny.
Fox Nut Farming (Makhana ki Kheti)
Blue, purple and red lotus-like flowers also grow in this plant. Its flower is called ‘Nilkamal’. It is a plant of tropical and sub-tropical climate. For its proper development and growth, it is necessary to have 20 ° C and 100 cm of annual rainfall.
Makhana (Fox Nut) is practiced in many cities of South East and East Asia such as Japan, Korea, Russia, North America, Nepal, Bangladesh and India. In India, Makhana has occurred in Bihar, West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, East Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
Makhana Production in Bihar
Whereas in Bihar’s Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Magneri Supaul, Sitamarhi, Purnia, Katihar, etc. districts, the maximum production of Makhana is done. Bihar accounts for 88 percent of the total production of Makhana..
Makhana Production in Supaul
Makhana has been cultivated in about 30-40 acres of land in Parsagarhi village of Supaul district. Earlier it was not cultivated till 2017. Every year after 2018, the farmers here have been paying attention to the cultivation of Makhana. Farmers are doing it more diligently due to the grant from the government. When the team of The Ujjwal asked the local farmer Sidho Mukhiya, who cultivates Makhana, he told that he is currently running in losses but from next year the savings will start.
Nutritional Properties of Makhana
Makhana not only contains protein, carbohydrate, fat, phosphorous, iron and folic acid, as well as calcium, magnesium, potassium and vitamin ‘A’ are also found in Makhana. Makhana helps in keeping the health healthy.
By eating makhana, the body gets rid of many diseases and makhan is also very beneficial for health. Makhana also has many medicinal properties, due to which the inhabitants of China have been using it in medicine since ancient times and it also finds an important place in the science of Ayurveda.
Fox Nut Benifits (Makhana Khane ke faide)
Medicinal Use of Makhana
1. Fox Nut Helps in High Blood Pressure
Potassium is found in good quantity in Makhana, which reduces blood pressure by conducting blood flow and gives relief from high blood pressure. This has a negative effect on sodium.
2. Makhana Benifits for Kidney
Eating Makhana keeps the kidney healthy. Makhana helps in making our kidney strong. Apart from this, many diseases related to kidney are removed by the consumption of Makhana.
3. Fox Nut Benifits for Joint Pain
Makhana contains calcium and phosphorous. Both these elements are necessary for the strength of bones and teeth. Their consumption proves to be very beneficial for patients like joint pain, arthritis.
4. Fox Nut Benifits for Muscles
Makhana contains about 15 percent protein, so its consumption helps in building muscles. At the same time our body also remains strong. If the muscles often get stiff, even then it can be got rid of by consuming makhana.
5. Fox Nut Benifits in Skin
Due to the antioxidants present in Makhana, it is called an antiaging diet. Therefore, makhana nourishes the skin and gets rid of wrinkles and helps to keep the skin glowing.
6. Fox Nut Benifits in Stress
Consuming makhana removes the fatigue of the day. Also sleep is very good. Consuming a glass of milk makhana before sleeping at night brings good sleep. At the same time the stress also goes away.
7. Fox Nut Benifits in Blood
Iron and cholates are found in proper amount in Makhana, which maintains the level of hemoglobin. Apart from its digestion, it helps in protecting against a disease called anemia.
8. Fox Nut Benefits for Heart
Makhana is good for the heart as it is easily digested. Also, the amount of cholesterol in it is also very less. Therefore, if you want to keep the heart healthy, then you must consume Makhana.
9. Helpful in removing weakness
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals are in proper quantity in Makhana, which is helpful in removing the weakness of the body and keeping it healthy.
Industrial Uses of Makhana
The amount of carbohydrates in Makhana is very high. A special feature in this is that high quality starch is found in Makhana, which is also used for making arrowroot and is also used in coloring high quality fabrics like Banarasi sarees and cotton clothes.
•• Use of Makhana as animal feed.
The husk obtained from the Makhana processing industry is considered a waste material. Whereas the bran obtained from Makhana contains 89.2 percent dry matter, 7.1 percent protein, 0.62 percent fat and 94.4 percent carbonic matter which can be used in animal and bird feed.
Feeding of makhana husk increases the physical growth of birds and livestock, healthy milk productivity and nutrient digestion rate. Religious use of Makhana Makhana is said to be the food of God. Therefore it is also used in worship and havan.
It is also called organic herbal. Because it is grown without the use of any chemical fertilizers or insecticides. Makhana does not come under the category of food. Hence it is used as an ideal food during religious fasting.
Makhana Use in Cooking
Makhana is a delicious digestive food item. It is made plain or by roasting it in ghee with spices and making it delicious. Some people also use it with nuts. It is so tasty that with its help, children can be saved from junk food.
Makhana is used in the preparation of many delicious and nutritious sweet dishes like Makhana Kheer, Makhana Sevai, Makhana Halwa etc. It is also used in puddings and sweets made from milk.
Makhana is used in making Dal Makhani and Raita which are very tasty. In some areas, Manipur also makes vegetable of its root tubers and leaf stalks.