Rooftop Farming: The question is how to do rooftop farming? Nowadays people have left the village and started living in the city. In such a situation, due to lack of space, people do rooftop gardening on their terrace. Now the question is how to make a garden on the roof? In this post, let us tell you how to do Rooftop farming.
Nowadays people have settled in big city for job or employment. There is no free space for farming in big cities. In such a situation, people do farming on the roof of their house, which is colloquially called Rooftop Farming. People grow greens, vegetables, fruits and flowers on their roof. Due to the ill effects of global warming, in this era of climate change, especially in the field of agriculture and environment, maximum damage is being done.
To avoid this loss and to provide employment to the domestic women and unemployed youth, Rooftop Farming is a new area full of possibilities for the cultivation of fruits, vegetables and medicinal plants on the roof, it improves the personal health of man, economic benefits. , and important in the field of environmental improvementrole can be played.Due to the availability of land, lack of greenery, the temperature is increasing due to the fulfillment of other needs besides agriculture of the growing population. Inflation is also increasing due to the increasing demand for agricultural products, especially vegetables and fruits, as well as indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and many chemicals for ripening fruits and making vegetables attractive. Is.
As a result, there is a huge decline in the quality of the product. Exceeding the prescribed limit of harmful heavy elements in vegetables, especially leafy vegetables, irrigated by the dirty water of drainage drains in urban areas is harmful to human health.
In urban areas, household organic waste (vegetable peels, leftover food items, etc.) also seriously affects the surrounding environment. Along with this, it also acts as a hindrance in the cleanliness campaign. Keeping these facts in mind, it is necessary to adopt traditional and innovative methods to increase production in the agricultural sector through land and water management in rural areas as well as in urban areas.
Home grown vegetables on the dinner table, especially when there are many types of chemical fertilizers in the market nowadays, they are beautiful and attractive vegetables rich in pesticides. In such a situation, vegetables grown at home in organic manure and free from harmful pesticides are healthier. You can also make meaningful use of a limited area of your terrace to grow vegetables.
How to do Rooftop farming?How to do Rooftop farming?
Do not think that only flowers can be grown in pots on the terrace. Rather, old sinks, tubs, buckets, sacks, boxes, boxes can be put to good use on the terrace and with a little effort, not only fenugreek, spinach, green coriander, mint, lettuce, tomato, brinjal and cabbage etc. The plate can be made healthier.
One way of growing vegetables is that along with the old waste sinks, tubs, buckets, wooden boxes as well as by laying a thick sheet of plastic on the roof, leafy vegetables can be planted on it by Rooftop Farming. Just keep in mind that there must be a system of drainage of water.
For this, along with big pots of clay, you can also make good use of waste junk, buckets of paint, distemper etc. so that the water continues to drain.
Choose any vessel, make sure to make adequate arrangements for drainage of water in it. Manure, soil is the second step. Be sure to keep at least two inches of soil shards over the hole. With this, the excess water is also absorbed and released. The same rule applies for the arrangement of manure, soil, as it is for the flower pot.
The soil should not be heavy and smooth. Mix two parts old soil and one part good old manure of cow dung and one part old leaf compost and one-tenth part neem cake powder in the total prepared manure.
If the soil is feeling a bit heavy, add one part of river sand or sand. If by making arrangements, by spreading a thick sheet of plastic on the roof, spreading compost and soil prepared on it, green vegetables, mint, green coriander, lettuce etc. can be successfully grown.
Just keep in mind that to avoid water and dampness in the rooms under the roof, make sure to make arrangements for water proofing. Plant a plant of beetroot, brinjal, tomato, chili, cabbage of the cabbage family, cauliflower, cauliflower, brussels sprout, broccoli etc. in a pot or bucket.
Green coriander, lettuce, green onion etc. can be grown in a pot. Cut leafy vegetables with scissors. Cut the leaves all the way around. But never cut the top part so that the plant continues to grow. In case of disease or pest in the plants of tomato, brinjal etc., apply Neem insecticide. Do not use chemical insecticide.
How to Make a Garden on a Rooftop?
Weeding from time to time helps in the development of roots. Never plant the seeds of radish, carrot, beet and cabbage family together, but whether they sow seeds or plant seedlings, plant them at an interval of at least ten days. Otherwise, if they are prepared together, then there will be a problem of using them together.
Therefore, plant their seeds and saplings, plant them little by little at an interval of ten days. Similarly, many varieties of salad have also come. You should plant only a few plants and if necessary, keep removing the lettuce leaves from all sides and leave the middle leaves on top.
Cut coriander, fenugreek and spinach also with the help of knife or scissors. By keeping cutting, the leaves will grow. Beetroot and spinach are plants of the same family, but beetroot is a tuberous plant, whereas spinach is a herbaceous plant. Plants of the cabbage family are planted. In which the round tuber-like part above the root of the knot cabbage is used, while the top of the cabbage and cauliflower is also used.
There are two or three very nutritious vegetables of this family: – Brussels sprouts, broccoli and lettuce plants are prepared from seeds and planted. Tomato, brinjal, green chilli are also planted. Planting a marigold plant on the edge of the tomato bed does not bring germs. Tomato nowadays also comes with salad ‘small cherry tomato’, which has to be supported.
Keep hoeing the vegetables from time to time. Do not use insecticide. If you have to use insecticide, then nowadays organic pesticides of neem are available in the market, use only those, which are not harmful to health. The only difference between market and home vegetable is that you can grow them without chemical fertilizers. Chemical pesticides can be avoided by using neem insecticides.
The problem of germs often occurs in vegetables of the tomato and cabbage family. Soak one kilo of tobacco leaves at night, boil it with two kilos of water in the morning. If you want, you can also add neem leaves to it. Cool it in the morning and filter it and add some liquid soap to it. Mix ten liters of clean water in one liter of prepared water and you can spray it on vegetables once in ten days.
Harvesting of vegetables in pots should be done on time. If the fruit remains on the plant for a long time, the production is adversely affected. This reduces the production capacity of the plant. While harvesting, keep in mind that no part of the plant should be damaged and flowers and raw fruits should not fall. In this way, you can enjoy fresh organic vegetables throughout the year.
The way the land for cultivation is decreasing, the trend of this type of farming is to increase in future. By planting four beds of four feet by four feet, a family can grow the vegetables needed for their month. By spending one hour in these beds, the desired vegetable can be grown. With the decline of farmland and increasing demand for organic food products, the trend of new and effective techniques in urban farming is increasing.
In this way, if vegetables are properly taken care of by planting vegetables on the roof of the house, as well as selecting and planting seeds of improved varieties, then surely vegetables can be supplemented in the daily routine. Consuming pure vegetables will keep health fine and can also be a great option for income.