1 November History: Today is the foundation day of these 6 states of India, let’s know the history of these states. 1 November has great importance in the history of India. Years ago on 1 November, a decision was taken to reorganize many states of the country on the basis of language. From the year 1956 to the year 2000, six different states of India were established on 1 November.
1 November History
Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Kerala were formed on 1 November. These 6 states celebrate their foundation day on the same day. Let us tell you that apart from these six states, in the year 1956, on the day of November 1, the capital of the country, Delhi was also recognized as a union territory.
November 1 has been a very lucky day for our country. Let us know the story behind the reorganization of these 6 states in this post of Forward Bulletin. We will also tell you the history of these states.
Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh, which is called the heart of the country, is celebrating its 66th foundation day today on 01 November 2021. Madhya Pradesh was established on 1 November 1956 only. The establishment of Madhya Pradesh, the second largest state of India, was the most challenging for the then Government of India.
The main reason behind this proving to be challenging was to form a state by joining four provinces- Central Provinces, Old Madhya Pradesh, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal, but in reality the people living in these big provinces have different ideas, lifestyle, food and drink. , there was a lot of debate and debate about the way of life, folk culture and ethicsAfter deliberations, finally Madhya Pradesh was formed.Before the reorganization it was also known as Madhya Bharat. On November 1, 1956, as the first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukla had his first speech at the Lal Parade Ground. Today Madhya Pradesh has made its mark in the country.
Chhattisgarh: Dakshin Kaushal province, the maternal grandmother of Lord Shri Ram, was established on 1 November 2000 as Chhattisgarh. “Chhattisgarh” is not an ancient name, the practice of this name started in the Maratha period during the 18 century. Chhattisgarh is celebrating its 21st foundation day today on 01 November 2021. In the year 1956, this province was merged with the present-day Madhya Pradesh. But, like other states, Madhya Pradesh was not formed on the basis of language.
At that time it contained 36 garhs, and all the people here spoke Chhattisgarhi and Gond languages. Due to which the demand for making Chhattisgarh a separate state was arising even before independence. But then it was ignored. Later on 1 November 2000, when Chhattisgarh was formed, Amit Jogi was made its first Chief Minister.
Punjab and Haryana: Historically the gateway to the Indian subcontinent for Greeks, Central Asians, Afghans and Iranians, Punjab was organized as a large state after independence, when decisions were being taken to reorganize the states, then Punjab, Haryana and some part of Himachal Pradesh (at present) and The Union Territory of Chandigarh was part of it.But due to the demand of states that arose on linguistic (Punjabi, Hindi, Pahari) basis since 1950, according to the ‘Punjab Reorganization Bill, 1966’, on November 1, 1966, a new state emerged as ‘Haryana’ state. Now Punjabi speaking Sikh became part of Punjab, Hindi speaking Hindu Haryana. Where Pahari was spoken, that part was merged with Himachal Pradesh.
At the time of reorganization, both Haryana and Punjab expressed their authority over Chandigarh. Hence, Chandigarh was declared as a Union Territory which is known as the capital of both the states.
Karnataka: If we look at the ancient and medieval history, then the Karnataka region has been the area of many powerful empires. The gold discovered at Harappa was derived from mines in Carnatic, forcing historians to find a connection between Karnataka and the Indus Valley Civilization of 3000 BC. This terrain has a detailed history which has changed many directions over time.
The present state of Karnataka was divided into more than 20 different provinces at the time of independence, including Madras, Bombay Presidency and the Nizamo’s Hyderabad State. But after independence, when Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1953, several districts of Madras were merged with Mysore.
This ignited the fire of violence among the people and their movement descended on rebellion. Eventually, the government established the State of Mysore on 1 November 1956 on linguistic lines. And in this all Kannada speaking areas were merged into a single state. In 1973, its name was changed from State of Mysore to Karnataka. The Chief Minister of the state at that time was Devraj Urs.
Kerala: Rich in its ancient history, long-term foreign trade relations and rich tradition of science and art, this region still holds an important place in the whole country in terms of literacy. Known for religious harmony, Kerala has been a confluence of different cultures. At the time of Indian freedom struggle, Kerala had two provincial states – Travan Core State and Kochi Kingdom. In 1949, they were merged to form the state called Thiru-Kochi.
After independence, under the States Reorganization Act, 1956, the present state of Kerala has been carved out of the Malabar District of Madras State, Thiru-Kochi State and Kasaragod Taluka and Dakshin Kanara. People living here with their folk culture, traditional life and rich culture and heritage celebrate Keralappiravi (Birthday of Kerala) on 1st of November. In some regions it is also known as Malayalam Day.